Poisoning – is a violation of the various organs of the human body as a result of ingestion of various toxic substances, is simply poison. If the body gets a large amount of poisonous substance in a short period of time (for example, a very large portion of alcohol drunk in one go), there is an acute poisoning. If the toxic substance affects the human small portions over a relatively long period of time (eg, daily sniffing glue), known as chronic poisoning. Its symptoms may not be as pronounced as in acute poisoning, but also require mandatory health care.
From what can be poisoned?
Toxicology knows a lot of different classification poisoning. Conventionally, the following groups of poisons that most often cause of poisoning:
– Food – stale, outdated;
– Poisons secreted by some plants, animals, poisonous mushrooms;
– Household chemicals – detergents for windows, dishes, floors, etc., Washing powder;
– Industrial poisons, which are used in the production, but can be used at home, for example, for repairs – solvents, paints, glues;
– Pesticides and fertilizers, which are used to work in the garden and in the garden;
– Tobacco and alcohol as well as drugs.
What are the symptoms of poisoning?
Symptoms of poisoning can be very diverse, depending on whether the toxic substance enters the body and in what way. Nevertheless, it is possible to think of the presence of poisoning symptoms:
-rezkoe drop in body temperature (up to 32-34S), or vice versa, to a sharp increase in its 38-40S;
-appearance specific halitosis, nausea and vomiting;
Changing the color of the skin or the color of the urine;
-zhzhenie and pains in different places, depending on the way of getting the poison into the body;
-strong swelling, rash, skin ulceration or mucosal contact with poison in place;
-sudorogi, shortness of breath, headache until he lost consciousness;
-Violation breathing and swallowing disorders;
is the total or partial loss of hearing, ringing in the ears;
is the total or partial loss of vision, the emergence of “flies” in front of the eyes, loss of the ability to distinguish colors;
-Violation gait and coordination of movements;
-sonlivost or, conversely, extreme agitation, dilated pupils;
-no pulse in the extremities, respiratory arrest.
What should you do if you experience symptoms of poisoning?
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If you suspect a poisoning victim immediately necessary to provide first aid before the arrival of emergency medical care and seek help from the nearest health facility.
First aid for poisoning:
When poisoning with alcohol, poor quality food, mushrooms, poisonous plants and their fruits and so forth. Poisons that poison the organism enters through the mouth. If the victim is conscious, he is given to drink plenty of fluids, and then cause vomiting pressure on the root of the tongue (for persons over 6 years of age) with your fingers, repeat the procedure to clean the wash water.
After washing the stomach are used in the treatment of poisoning pounded charcoal (1 tablet per 10 kg body weight), smectite and others. Sorbents. You can take white clay, saline laxative.
The victim is placed in a rehabilitation situation – to the side (so that he choked vomit), warm with the help of leg warmers. Give plenty of drink (this suit tea, water).
As soon as possible cause brigade ambulance for hospitalization of the victim, as his condition could worsen. It is desirable to preserve and transmit medical substances that poisoned patient.
If poisoning acids (vinegar) and alkalis can not wash out the stomach.
When carbon monoxide poisoning, the victim in the first place to bring to fresh air, keep him comfortable horizontal position, from hindering the free clothes.
It is necessary to rub the body of the victim, and then wrap up warm, make warmer warming his feet, to smell the cotton wool with ammonia, if the person is soznanii- he can rinse the throat and mouth with a solution of baking soda. In the absence of breathing or a significant weakening to start artificial respiration.
Regardless of the degree of poisoning the victim is admitted to hospital in case complications arise later in the nervous and respiratory systems.
What not to do
- Do not induce vomiting if the person is unconscious;
- do not induce vomiting in pregnant women;
- I do not induce vomiting in those who have a weak heart and convulsions;
- do not induce vomiting in case of poisoning petroleum products, acids, alkalis;
- not to give a purgative in cases of poisoning by oil products, acids, alkalis;
- not to carbonated beverages;
- not to give the acid in case of poisoning with alkali and vice versa !!!
Take note of these recommendations, they will help keep health!