The term “IQ” is used to indicate what measures the tests, and that is primarily assessment of mathematical and verbal abilities and spatial visualization. But what about the musical genius who speak evil or brilliant linguists who have problems with fractions? Since the idea of “general intelligence” applied to people who have an obvious talent for one area, but poor passing on standardized tests?
The model of general intelligence defines a narrow, limited range of skills. What would happen if the intelligence criteria on more qualitative and broader way? Dr. Howard Gardner, a psychologist and professor of neuroscience at Harvard University in 1983 developed the theory of multiple intelligence (abbreviated MI – multiple intelligences). Gardner was “thrown down the gauntlet,” the old school of thought – by MI theory, there are eight different types of intelligence that reflect different ways of interacting with the world. Each person has a unique mix of these intelligences.
The official website for MI describes this kind of intelligence in the following way.
1. Physical: the ability to understand and kontrološu large areas (eg, pilots and sailors) or smaller areas (eg, architect or chess players).
Bodily-kinesthetic 2: ability to use the whole body or body parts (eg, hands or mouth) to solve problems or to create (eg, dancers).
3rd Music: a sense of rhythm, tone, melody, timbre, etc.. It can also refer to the ability to sing, play a musical instrument and / or compose music (eg, conductor).
4. Linguistic: sensitivity to the meaning of the word order, word, sound, rhythm, and metric modulation word (eg. A poet).
5. Logical-mathematical: the capacity to understand the logical connection between the symbols (eg. A mathematician or a scientist). The famous psychologist Jean Piaget believed that studied the overall volume of intelligence, but is in fact studied only logical-mathematical intelligence.
6th Interpersonal: abilities of interaction with others. Sensitivity to moods, feelings, temperaments and motivations of other people (eg. The negotiator).
7th Intrapersonal: sensitivity to their feelings, goals, anxiety, the capacity to plan and act in accordance with its own characteristics. Intrapersonal intelligence does not apply to certain professions, but to every person in the complex modern world, in which man must constantly make decisions for themselves (which will have certain consequences for that person).
8th naturalistic: the ability to make the difference in the natural world, for example, between different plants or types of clouds (eg. A biologist, a meteorologist).
Gardner’s theory has not been widely accepted in academic circles; His opponents believe that the subjective and arbitrary. But, even if cognitive psychologists decide he does not fit in their rules about what intelligence is and what is not, multiple intelligence is a nice way to think about people we know or that we admire.